Not only adults, teenagers have started paying attention to skin care. Children have also started making noise asking for skin care, right?
Parents may think, “Oh, you’re still young, don’t worry, okay?” What parents think is a child, how old was he? This is because today’s children go through puberty faster than their parents’ childhood. Currently, children can experience puberty from the age of 10 years.
In IG Live Millennial Parents Academy – Parenting Indonesia, on Monday 18 October 2021, dr. Kardiana P. Dewi, Sp.KK, Dermatologist & Venereologist said, “Now, almost all 10-year-old children (girls) have menstruated.” However, he also said that a girl can experience menstruation sooner or later than that age. After experiencing puberty, a child can be said to enter adolescence.
Previously, what was called a teenager was a child starting at the age of 12, now he is younger than that. He said that institutionally, the age of 10 is also considered a teenager. “Today, according to WHO, teenagers are 10-19 years old. In us (Indonesia), the Ministry of Health has also determined that the age of 10 is already a teenager,” he added.
When to Start Needing to Use Skin Care?
So, when do our children start needing to use skin care? Doctor Dewi explained, “Actually, there is no specific standard. But, in the past, it was allowed to use skin care when you were a teenager, because there were problems, right. Because now the definition of a teenager has become (starting) 10 years, so when there are complaints, it is okay to start using them.”
dr. Dewi said that the increase in hormones during puberty, apart from causing changes in body shape, also affects a child’s skin condition. Have you ever heard that acne is a sign of puberty? Turns out, the two are related.
Increased hormones at puberty mentioned dr. Dewi will also increase the production of oil or sebum in the skin. This more oily skin condition can increase the risk of teenage skin problems such as breakouts, blackheads, irritation, and others.
What kind of skin care can be used?
“I want to straighten it out, skin care should not be seen as something ‘waaah’ like that, okay? Skin care means we take care of our skin in a very simple way.” He added that the most important use of skin care for teenagers is based on the needs of their skin.” He also emphasized that there is no need to follow trends.
In order to maintain a healthy teenager’s skin, consider what can be given or done and what should not be the following:
“The most basic thing is cleansing,” said dr. Goddess. He suggests choosing a material that is light and smooth. Do regular cleansing before going to bed and when you wake up. Because, dr. Dewi explained that at night, dead skin cells accumulate and the skin can also be exposed to dust on the mattress so that the pores can be clogged. “That sooner or later can cause acne,” he said.
Moisturizer can be used after applying cleanser. However, dr. Dewi also emphasized that for children under 12 years old, if their skin doesn’t have any problems, it’s also okay if they don’t use a moisturizer.
Well, this is very important. Exposure to the sun’s UV rays can damage the skin. Even at home, children also still need to use sunscreen/sunblock to protect their skin from UV exposure that penetrates the windows of the house.
Doctor Dewi recommends using sunscreen/sunblock SPF 15-30 when at home and SPF 25-50 when doing activities outside the home. He also suggests choosing a lightweight formulation such as gel or cream gel. “The color is so clear,” he said.
Use Scrub Routine
Doctor Dewi said that cleansing with face wash alone is enough for teenagers. “There’s no need for scrubbing,” he said. Regular use of scrubs even risks making the child’s skin dry or irritated so that it becomes red.
Use Baby Soap
Have you ever heard the suggestion that teenagers should wash their faces with baby soap just to be safer? Turns out not really, Ma, Pa. “Baby soap is very gentle. Too soft. Its function (on baby’s skin) is to hold oil, moisture levels. If their skin is oily, it’s not even suitable,” explained dr. Goddess.
Use Oil Control Products
Oily skin problems that occur due to hormonal changes, said dr. Dewi, made not a few teenagers want to use products that can reduce oil production. According to him, this is not necessary because it can make the face dry. “If the skin is too dry to peel, the scales can cover the pores, so acne too. Too dry is not good, oil is also not okay. The point is, the soap is soft, not too much detergent,” he said.
Use Toner, Essence, or Serum
“Just wash your face. Toner, (the product contains) acid, AHA-BHA, no need, no need,” said dr. Goddess. Acidic formulas can actually make children’s skin dry. “Especially the follow-up that hits, retinol (for example),” he said again.
If you want to use water products to moisturize, you can try it at junior high or high school age.
Use Sheet Masks Regularly
“Those, children, their skin is damp and still very firm.” Sheet masks when used occasionally are not a problem, but they don’t need to be routine.
Use Aloe Vera Gel that Contains Alcohol
Aloe vera gel can indeed be a choice of moisturizer because it is more natural and has a light texture. However, be careful not to give the one containing alcohol so that the formula dries quickly on the face. “The children’s faces will become irritated later,” he reminded.
Tips for Choosing Skin Care for Children
“The point is for beginners, if there are no problems, just give them a face wash and sunscreen. If you want, give a moisturizer, if you haven’t found it, don’t have to.” He also added, “If your face doesn’t have any problems, please buy over-the-counter skin care products, but try the smaller packs according to your skin type.
What are the skin types of children? Simply put, dr. Dewi explained that skin conditions are divided into three, namely normal, oily, and dry. An easy way to find out the condition of a child’s skin for parents is to look at the T area (forehead and nose) which is generally more oily than other areas
Characteristics of Children with Oily Skin
His facial skin tends to be shiny. Just hour of washing my face, my face is already shiny with oil again.
Characteristics of Children with Normal Skin
Her face usually looks oily after 2-3 hours of washing her face. Usually the oil appears in the T area.
Characteristics of Children with Dry Skin
It doesn’t look greasy even for a long time after washing your face.
If you have tried to buy skin care products in the free market but they don’t seem suitable, have redness, become more oily, or have bumps, dr. Dewi suggested that you should immediately consult a doctor.